By Johan Berhin, Green Furniture Design designer and founder, and Bradley Quinn,  author, journalist and creative director

Seating is a significant factor in maintaining passenger satisfaction at airports. It gives consumers an opportunity to relax and unwind in the fast-paced environment.

Faced with check-in delays, security hold-ups and struggling with overflowing hand luggage, today’s travellers start feeling jet-lagged even before they leave the airport. Although airline lounges are out of reach for most passengers, many of the basic comforts they provide can be made accessible to everyday travellers.

However busy an airport may be, each terminal can make space for soothing environments that dampen ambient noise and provide comfortable seating.

Many travellers start looking for a place to sit as soon as they clear security. Some will park their partners and head to the shops, while others will remain seated until they leave for the gate.

Planners understand that seating fulfils a practical need, but not all succeed in creating areas that foster a sense of satisfaction among those seated. Waiting in airports is essentially a group dynamic, with individual travellers struggling to find personal comforts in busy environments filled with bright lights and harsh noise.

Armed with this knowledge, designers and architects are finding ways to make terminal environments more uplifting.

“At best, an airport should be designed with a flowing sequence of beautifully-lit, acoustically-balanced spaces,” says designer Johan Berhin, who has created such environments at airports in the United Kingdom, Iceland and other Scandinavian countries.

“Passenger satisfaction can be boosted by seating area design. It’s the environmental factors that make individuals enjoy the space.” He says.

Designers are challenged to balance the ratio of seating density to floor space in order to direct the flow of pedestrians through the terminal.

Berhin provides solutions in the form of streamlined designs that seat more individuals within a smaller surface area.

“Consumers don’t need bulky, padded seating to sink down into,” Berhin says. “After carrying heavy bags, they need firm, flexible seating that supports the lower back and helps the spine realign. That way, individuals recover quickly, and they have time to continue shopping before their flight leaves.”

Air travel is a booming industry today, with the IATA recently announcing a 7% increase system-wide during 2017. Passenger numbers are increasing faster than airports can expand to accommodate them, and the industry is challenged to find short-term solutions.

“Good design solves the problem,” says Berhin. “Getting rid of the wasted space between seats, tables and other items of furniture opens up more floor space and improves the flow. This was quantified last year at Edinburgh Airport, where the new seating areas we designed increased the number of seats by 44%.

“Because the design was made in response to the space itself and the passengers’ needs, the customer satisfaction rate jumped from 52% to 81%, an immediate increase of 29 percentage points.”

Berhin places sustainability high on the agenda, pointing out that airports consume a lot of energy, and that the aviation industry is struggling to offset the high levels of CO2 emitted by aircraft.

“Natural materials are more important than ever,” says Berhin. “They reduce the terminals’ environmental impact and enable planners to show that the airport takes sustainability seriously.”

Natural materials found new expression at Keflavik International Airport in Iceland, where Berhin created an opportunity to reinforce brand values.

“Iceland is clean and green, and a top destination for nature lovers,” says Berhin. “I designed seating with contours inspired by waveforms to represent Iceland’s coast, hilly landscapes and lagoons. We crafted the seats from FSC-certified wood, then tinted the slats in colours I took from the volcanoes and glaciers. Not only did the seating areas bring impressions from nature indoors, they made spending time in the terminal a memorable part of the trip.”