Navi Mumbai, India
Navi Mumbai International Airport (NMIA) is a greenfield international airport being built on the National Highway (NH) 4B near Panvel, approximately 35km from Mumbai’s existing Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (CSIA).
The new airport will be equipped with modern amenities and facilities for domestic and international passengers, as well as the capacity to transport cargo.
The total investment required for the airport is estimated to be Rs162.43bn ($2.54bn), including Rs122.16bn ($1.91bn) for airport development and the remaining for pre-development activities such as land development, diversion of the Ulwe River, shifting of high-voltage transmission lines, and others.
The airport is planned to be built in four phases through 2032. The ground-breaking ceremony of the project was held in February 2018.
The airport was expected to begin operating from December 2020 according to the original plan announced by the government, but has been postponed to 2021 for various reasons, including the Covid-19 pandemic, indecision in handing over 100% land to NMIAL and financial closure of the project.
A consortium led by GVK won the bid to develop the airport in February 2017. The bidder was Mumbai International Airport (MIAL), which is 74% owned by GVK.
Zaha Hadid Architects will be developing the passenger terminal building. GVK awarded a major engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract to L&T Construction for the airport in August 2019.
The airport facility will be capable of handling ten million passengers a year upon completion of the first phase, 25 million a year in the second phase, and 45 and 60 million a year in the third and fourth phases respectively.
The project is expected to generate 142,000 direct and 200,000 indirect job opportunities. It will also boost the economy in the region, with industrial development planned along the Mumbai-Pune-Ahmednagar and the Mumbai-Nashik corridors.
The Government of Maharashtra (GOM) approved the construction of the new airport development in July 2008 and appointed the City and Industrial Development Corporation of Maharashtra (CIDCO) as the nodal agency for implementation of the NMIA project.
The project is being implemented through a public-private partnership (PPP) under a design, build, finance, operate and transfer (DBFOT) agreement.
A global request for qualification (RFQ) for the project was floated in February 2014. The GVK-led consortium will hold 74% stake in the airport, while the Airports Authority of India (AAI) and CIDCO will hold 13% stake each.
NMIA will be able to accommodate the growing population, business and commercial activities of Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR). It will also ease traffic congestion at the CSIA site, which is expected to reach saturation soon and holds limited scope for expansion.
The airport will be capable of handling new large aircraft such as A380 and B747-8, which comply with the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) Aerodrome Code 4F.
In addition, the airport will be easily accessible by road via an enhanced highway network, metro rail, suburban railways and hovercraft service.
CIDCO appointed the Louis Berger-INECO-RITES consortium to prepare a master plan for the new airport.
The total land required for developing the project is 2,042ha, including 1,405ha (69%) currently under CIDCO and 156ha (7%) of state-owned land that will be transferred to CIDCO. In addition, approximately 485ha (24%) of private land was planned to be acquired by CIDCO in support of the initiative.
The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) has approved 1,405ha for the proposed airport zone, comprising 1,160ha for the core airport area, 245ha for Mangrove Park to the north and 276ha of the non-aeronautical area to the south.
Facilities at the airport will include cargo terminal buildings, two parallel runways for independent operations, taxiways, an apron area, cargo complex, aircraft maintenance site and long-term aircraft parking, as well as additional infrastructural facilities such as car parking, a power supply system and water treatment plant.
Two main access roads, Amra Marg in the west and NH 4B in the east, will provide connectivity to the airport.
The terminal building will support a total capacity of 60 million passengers a year when the project is fully completed. The building will be H-shaped and comprise five-levels with a total area of 523,000m², including two concourses.
It will handle international and domestic passengers with 78 contact airport positions, 29 remote aircraft positions and more than 350 check-in counters. A three-level office complex will be located at the centre of the terminal building.
The terminal will have three curbs on the north and south sides, one at grade and two elevated. The first level curb will be used for commercial vehicles, while the second and third will be dedicated for arrivals and departures respectively.
The terminal will have a provision for online check-in and an integrated baggage handling system. Its baggage claim area will be 13,290m².
A low-cost carrier terminal with a capacity of two million passengers a year will be built in the first phase. It will have 67,400m² of apron area, 17,000m² of terminal area and parking positions for ten Code ‘C’ aircraft.
The airport will feature two parallel runways measuring 3,700m-long and 60m-wide, which will be spaced 1.55km apart.
The apron area, measuring 201,581m², is designed to accommodate bulk cargo handling of domestic and international airlines, with almost half the space dedicated to handling airmails.
The 23,700m² international cargo building and 33,000m² domestic cargo building will be built as part of the first phase. An aircraft stand featuring the capacity to hold 20 wide-body aircraft will be built in the later phases.
Three aircraft maintenance hangars will be constructed for regular and turn around maintenance, as well as additional space for fixed-base operators (FBO).
Aircraft rescue and fire-fighting (ARFF) measures will include two stations of 1,200m² each.
A 151,000m² fuel farm, 25,000m² catering space and another 25,000m² of ground service equipment (GSE) maintenance space will also be developed.
The site’s ground lighting will comprise threshold lights, high-intensity runway edge lights and apron floodlights, among others.
Visual landing aids to be installed at the airport include a precision approach path indicator and CAT-I instrument landing system, with an option to upgrade to CAT-II.
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