Chandigarh International Airport is located in Chandigarh, a well-planned city, Union Territory and joint capital of two Indian states Punjab and Haryana. Operated by the Airports Authority of India (AAI), the airport is one of the major airports in North India.
The airport has witnessed a significant passenger growth in the last decade, from 69 million between 2004 and 2005 to 188 million between 2014 and 2015, recording an average growth rate of 12% a year. To keep up the pace, the AAI initiated the construction of a new international terminal building in 2012, few kilometres away from the existing airport, with a peak handling capacity of 1,600 passengers an hour.
William P Hobby Airport (HOU), the oldest commercial airport in Houston, Texas, US, is constructing its first international terminal.
Built at a cost of Rs9.39bn ($143m), the new terminal was commissioned in September 2015. It will handle both domestic and international flights, while the existing domestic terminal will be used for other civil aviation purposes.
The project is expected to create a positive impact on the economic development of the catchment areas and improve the overall connectivity for tourism and trade in the country.
Details of the new international terminal at Chandigarh Airport
The new integrated terminal is located on a 300-acre site in Jheorehri village near Mohali. The 53,400m² building has two levels with a common curb front. It is composed of glass and steel and has state-of-the-art equipment and passenger facilities.
It features 48 check-in counters, six contact gates, three passenger boarding bridges/aerobridges, four 72m baggage conveyor belts and parking facility for 500 cars.
Airside facilities at the terminal include eight aprons, seven of which can accommodate C-Type aircraft, while one accommodates E-Type. It also has a cargo apron, which can accommodate two C-Type aircraft.
The project also included construction of three link taxiways, parallel taxi track, cargo complex, hangars for flying club activities, and runway extension.
Chandigarh International Airport Ltd (CHIAL), a joint venture between the AAI, which holds 51% equity, and the governments of Punjab and Haryana holding 24.5% equity each, is responsible for the operations and maintenance of the terminal.
Sustainable features of the new terminal
Designed based on the green building concept, the terminal incorporates wind power, LED lighting, energy-efficient chillers, double-insulated roofing system, sensor-based tap system, rainwater harvesting, and a 600KLD sewage treatment plant to treat water to be reused in flushing and gardening.
The Rs6.74bn ($102m) construction contract was awarded to Larsen & Toubro’s (L&T) construction division, Buildings & Factories Independent Company.
The terminal design contract was awarded to Molen Associates, an architect based in Hong Kong.
Existing facilities at Chandigarh airport
Chandigarh airport has a domestic terminal spread over an area of 12,500m². The terminal features 16 check-in desks, ten immigration counters, including six for arrivals and four for departures, and five custom counters, including two for departures and three for arrivals. It also has two gates, one for arrival and one for departure, and four X-ray baggage facilities.
Passenger facilities at the terminal include reserved lounge for both arriving and departing passengers, medical facility, baggage trolleys, taxi service, car rental services, radio taxi services, and food and beverage counters including restaurant, snack bar and tea/coffee bar.
The terminal also has wheelchair services, paid porter service, currency exchange counter, state tourism office and childcare room.
Airside facilities at Chandigarh international airport
The airport has a single runway, designated 11/29, which is 2,743m-long and 45m-wide. The runway is equipped with an instrument landing system (ILS CAT) and a precision approach path indicator (PAPI).
The airport also features an apron, five parking bays, and two aerobridges capable of accommodating A320/321aircraft.