Kuwait International Airport New Terminal, Kuwait
To increase the capacity of Kuwait International Airport (KIA) and develop it into a new regional air hub in the Gulf, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation, the operator of KIA, has proposed the development of a new terminal building.
The new state-of-the-art terminal will be constructed in phases. While the first phase will add a capacity of 13 million passengers a year, the subsequent phases will enhance the capacity to between 25 million and 50 million passengers a year.
Designed to provide the highest level of passenger comfort, the new terminal will significantly enhance the airport's status as the gateway to the State of Kuwait. Construction of the terminal is expected to be completed within four years from the date of initiation.
Construction of the new terminal started in May 2017.
Kuwait airport new passenger terminal project background
The State of Kuwait has seen a rapid economic growth due to significant increase in air traffic at the Kuwait International Airport. The passenger flow at the airport has doubled in the last eight years, from less than five million in 2004 to more than nine million in 2012, and is forecast to reach 12 million by 2020.
The Kuwait Government announced an investment plan for the airport expansion and modernisation to meet the anticipated growth. The project includes the development of a new passenger terminal, a third runway, and expansion and renovation of the two existing runways and other facilities.
Design details of the new terminal
The new terminal's design is inspired by local art and architecture, while the construction materials will be responsive to the climate, as the airport is located in one of the hottest climate zones on the Earth.
The trefoil plan of the terminal features three symmetrical wings of departure gates. The facades span 1.2km and extend from a dramatic 25m-high central space. The building is planned with a single roof canopy with glazed openings that will filter daylight and deflect direct solar radiation.
The canopy will be extended till the entrance plaza and supported by tapering concrete columns that feature organic forms inspired from the contrast between the solidity of the stone and movement of Kuwait's traditional dhow sailing boats.
The interiors of the terminal are designed for simplicity and ease-of-use with a few level changes.
New terminal features and facilities
The new terminal will have four levels above the ground and one underground. It will feature 120 check-in desks and 13MAP baggage handling system that will handle 2,930 bags an hour. The baggage conveyors will stretch approximately 6km and there will be high-speed baggage sorters for approximately 1.5km. The integrated baggage system incorporates screening, dynamic storage and sorting capabilities.
Measures will be taken to minimise the walking distance from the centre of the terminal to the end points. In the first phase, the terminal will feature between 30 and 51 aircraft contact stands. There will be sufficient landside area for parking, GTC and other landside facilities including offices and DGCA headquarters and hotels. Other developments also include a multi-storey car park, taxiways, and aprons.
A new landside access will be created for the terminal from the south as a new road connects from the King Faisal Motorway 51 and the 7th Ring Road. Plans are in place to develop a new metro line connecting the airport to Kuwait City centre.
Sustainability features of the new terminal
The new terminal project aims to gain LEED gold certification and aim to become the world's first terminal to attain this level of environmental accreditation. Some of the sustainable features that will be incorporated in the terminal include the roof with a large number of photovoltaic panels that produce solar energy. The terminal facility also provides thermal mass.
A $4.3bn construction contract was awarded to Turkish company Limak, making it the biggest tender awarded abroad in a single package by Turkish contractors.
The project management contract was secured by Ineco, which has adapted triple control system (deadlines, costs and documentation) using advanced computer applications for executing the expansion project.
The contract to study, design and supervise the new passenger terminal building construction was awarded to Gulf Consult in association with Foster+Partners (UK). Arup (UK), NACO (Netherlands) and Parsons Brinckerhoff (UK/Kuwait) are the specialist sub-consultants for the project.