Phnom Penh International Airport, formerly known as Pochentong International Airport, is the largest airport in Cambodia. Spread over an area of about 450ha, the airport is located 7km west of Phnom Penh, the capital city of Cambodia. Société Concessionaire d’Aéroport (SCA) is the operator.
In 2010, the airport handled 1,719,076 passengers and 21,738t of cargo. 20,156 aircraft movements were recorded during 2010.
The airport is hub for international air carriers such as Air France, Lao Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, Bangkok Airways, Air Asia, China Airlines, and Malaysian Airlines. It can accommodate ATRs, Boeing 737 and Airbus A320.
The airport expansion began in 1999-2000 with the installation of an ILS navigation system, runway upgrades and integration of the ground-handling activities.
The first section of the international terminal expansion was completed in 2001.
In 2002, all sections of the international terminal were commissioned, the apron was extended by 9,000m² and a new VIP pavilion was constructed. In 2003 the cargo terminal was extended by 3,000m². Two aircraft stands were added in 2007.
During a major expansion completed in 2009, a 1,250m parallel taxiway was constructed to ease plane rotations. The international boarding lounge in the international terminal was extended by 850m² and a new cargo building was constructed.
The international passenger exit was expanded to accommodate more commercial outlets. A new VOR/DME navigation station in line with ICAO standards was installed.
Ongoing expansions include a new 1,923m² cargo office, a restaurant and extension of the ground handling hangar.
The access control system at the international terminal is being upgraded. The new system will have over 40 new access doors and will be installed with Cardax proximity readers and Sagem biometric readers.
Berger Group provided the design and engineering services for the terminal construction. The terminal was built at a cost of $22m. Berger Group also provided supervisory services for the expansion project including installation of a new ILS, runway lighting, metrological equipment, power and generator systems, as well as construction of a new taxiway, fire station and turn-pad extensions.
In December 2010, Gallagher Security was contracted to provide an integrated security solution at the international terminal. AES Group and Comin Khmere, the channel partners, will install SmartCard and biometric readers as part of the contract.
Comin Khmere was also involved in the installation of HVAC, communication and security systems at the terminal in 2002.
The airport has a domestic and an international terminal housed within a two-storey building. In addition it has a 6,500m² cargo terminal.
The 16,000m² international terminal can handle 2m passengers. It has 22 check-in counters, 30 visa, immigration and customs counters, and four gates with aerobridges. Other features include a 1,300m² waiting lounge, a 250m² VIP lounge and a 700m² duty free shopping area.
The 3,670m² domestic terminal has a passenger handling capacity of 300 per hour at the departure area and 400,000 per year at the arrivals area. The departure zone has a floor surface of 1,200m² with three boarding gates. The arrival area has 2,470m² of space, with a 900m² garden.
Souveneir shops are present in the first floor of the terminal. Free Wi-Fi access is offered at the passenger terminals.
Dining facilities include a 350m² food and beverage restaurant and an internationally renowned fast food restaurant named Dairy Queen. All the restaurants are operated by SajiBumi. A smoking area is available at the international departure hall.
Two baggage conveyors are available in the terminal building. A baggage-wrapping stand is available at the departure entrance, which provides protective foil wrap to the baggage.
The excess baggage of passengers is handled by World Angkor Transport, a logistics company.
The airport has 360 public parking spaces in front of the terminal building.
The airport has a single runway (05/23) surfaced with asphalt. The runway is 3,000m-long and 45m-wide. It has two perpendicular taxiways and a parallel taxiway.
Air traffic control
Air traffic control services are provided by Cambodia Air Traffic Services (CATS).
For the purpose of rescue and fire fighting, eight ICAO category vehicles, four general vehicles, one intervention vehicle, a command car and an ambulance are available.
Aircraft line maintenance facilities are provided by Thai Airways International. TOTAL Cambodge and PPT (Cambodia) provide services for the mobile aircraft refuelling systems at the airport.