San Diego, California, USA
Terminal 2 at San Diego International Airport was recently expanded under a project known as the Green Build project, formerly known as the Terminal Development Program. It replaced and expanded terminal 2, which is now known as the Green Build Terminal – which became the world’s first airport terminal to receive LEED Platinum certification from the US Green Building Council.
Construction of the $907m Green Build project started in July 2009 and was completed in August 2013. The project created 1,000 jobs during construction.
The airport handled 17.3 million passengers in 2012. The new terminal is expected to increase the passenger traffic from 27 to 33 million by 2030.
The Green Build project included construction of ten new jet gates, a dual-level roadway, and additional area for aircraft parking. The expansion added 460,000ft² of space.
The new gates reduce traffic congestion by providing additional waiting areas for the passengers. The 1,200ft-long dual-level roadway provides different routes for the arriving and departing passengers.
An enhanced curbside check-in facility was installed at the terminal during expansion. The facility serves as a centre point for passengers to print boarding passes, check baggage and view gate information. The expansion of terminal 2 has added a 9,200ft² concession area and additional security lanes.
The terminal features a new 25,000ft² ticket lobby with 32 check-in counters and ten self-service kiosks. The ticket lobby is equipped with a Common Use Passenger Processing System (CUPPS).
The terminal also features a 2.5-story, 300ft-long glass hall called Sunset Cove, which serves as a waiting area for passengers. It is also used as a viewpoint to the airfield and Point Loma, a seaside community in San Diego.
The seats at the waiting area of the terminal are integrated with power outlets and USB ports.
Restaurants, cafes and shops at the terminal include Saffron, Bubbles Seafood & Wine Bar, Seaside Stack Shack, Qdoba, Red Mango and Tommy V’s Pizzeria, Warwick’s of La Jolla, Pannikin Coffee & Tea, Brooks Brothers, Swarovski, PGA Tour Shops, Stone Brewing Co. and Phil’s BBQ.
The terminal achieved Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Gold and Platinum certifications from the US Green Building Council in April 2014. Platinum certification was awarded for the terminal portion, new aircraft apron and taxiways, whereas Gold certification was awarded for the terminal’s roadway system, new dual-level roadway, curbside check-in and USO building.
San Diego International Airport is located in San Diego, California, US, 20 miles from the Mexican border. The airport occupies 661 acres and is also known as Lindbergh Field. The owner / operator is San Diego County Regional Airport Authority. San Diego International is the busiest single runway (2,865m × 61m) commercial airport in the US. It handled 18.1 million passengers in 2008.
The terminal features low-flow fixtures, and a reflective roof that absorbs less heat and keeps the terminal cool. The solar panels installed at the terminal will annually produce 2kW of energy.
The construction waste material was recycled and reused.
The sustainability initiatives at the Green Build terminal continued with San Diego County Regional Airport Authority partnering with Borrego Solar Systems in March 2014 to equip the terminal with a 3.3MW solar system over its roof and in a portion of the short-term parking area adjacent to the terminal. The solar panel installation will be completed in late 2014.
A consortium of Turner Construction Company, PCL Construction Services and Flatiron received a $460m design and build contract for the expansion of Terminal 2. The scope of the contract included the construction of the new jet gates, additional dining and shopping facilities and airfield improvements at the terminal.
Flatiron served as the construction manager for the airside portion (new jet gates) of the contract.
The contract also included the construction of a ticket lobby, airline check-in facilities, a new taxiway and jet parking, as well as the installation of security screening systems, baggage handling systems, and the expansion of seating areas, concessions and support space.
URS Corporation was the lead designer for the project. HNTB was the main architect, and Tucker Sadler and Associates was the local architect.
A joint venture of Kiewit Infrastructure West and Sundt Construction received a $227m landside improvements contract as part of the project. The contract included construction of a dual-level roadway known as Elevated Departure Roadway (EDR). A new expanded transit centre for buses, shuttles and taxiways was also constructed.
A new United Service Organization (USO), two exterior ticket lobbies (Smart Curbs), two pedestrian sky bridges, six bridge overpasses, new roadways, parking lots and a parking management office were also constructed as a part of the contract, in order to improve road access and parking areas.
Prava Construction Services provided design build services for roof safety and security of the new green build terminal.
FabriTec, a subsidiary of USA Shade & Fabric Structures, ValleyCrest Landscape Development, Pacific Coast Iron and T.B. Penick & Sons served as the specialty contractors.
The total of the terminal project was $907m, which included $820m of construction cost and $87m of financing cost.
The project was funded through user fees, airport revenue bonds, airport cash and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) grants.
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