Terminal B Redevelopment, LaGuardia Airport, United States of America
As part of New York City's vision to transform LaGuardia International Airport into a world-class transportation hub, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ) in the US, together with LaGuardia Gateway Partners (LGP) launched the Terminal B redevelopment project at the airport in June 2016.
The $4bn redevelopment project, which involves complete reconstruction of Terminal B, also known as central terminal building (CTB), is said to be the first-of-its-kind complete redevelopment of a US airport in more than two decades.
LaGuardia Airport is a key point of entry to the greater New York area, and the long-needed modernisation will restore and strengthen the airport's position as an important national transportation hub in the metropolitan region.
The complete airport redevelopment project, including the current Terminal B renovations, is expected to create 8,000 direct jobs and 10,000 indirect jobs, as well as generate $1.3bn in wages and $5.2bn in direct economic activity.
The P2 garage demolition is officially complete as of January 2017, clearing the site for the future LaGuardia Central Terminal B headhouse. The initial operations at the new terminal are scheduled to commence is 2018, while the entire terminal is scheduled to open by the end of 2021.
LaGuardia Gateway Partners has also been simultaneously upgrading the existing Central Terminal B as part of a $5M investment to improve passenger experience.
Reasons for new terminal development at LaGuardia Airport
The existing facilities at LaGuardia Airport have become outdated and are not sufficient to handle the crowd due to the increasing passenger traffic. Terminal B was opened in 1964 with a design capacity of eight million passengers a year, and currently handles approximately 14 million passengers.
Multiple areas within the terminal, including the ticketing area, hold rooms and passage screening, have space constraints, which delays passenger processing.
The landside area of the terminal also faces congestion at both arrival and departure levels due to less number of traffic lanes and shorter frontage lengths. On the airside, the existing gates, which were designed for shorter and narrow-bodied aircraft, are not able to accommodate the future fleet, resulting in inefficient parking positions and numerous tow-in positions.
Since these shortcomings couldn't be fixed by just renovating the existing building, a total redevelopment of the terminal was proposed that would transform the airport into a single, unified main terminal with expanded transportation access, increased aircraft parking space and best-in-class passenger facilities.
Details of the new terminal at LaGuardia International Airport
The new terminal will be a 1,300,000ft², state-of-the-art facility that will replace the existing Terminal B. It will feature 35 gates, dual pedestrian bridges that connect the terminal to two island concourses, and a new light-filled central hall that connects it with Terminal C.
The design enables improved airline circulation and gate flexibility leading to reduced delays. The terminal interiors will be made easy for the passengers to navigate, facilitating efficient movement. Additional space will be provided for security check-in to reduce waiting times as the passengers pass through mandatory security screening.
The terminal will also house a variety of food, retail and beverage concessions that reflect regional and national offerings and spacious waiting areas with enhanced seating capacity.
The project aims for LEED Gold certification for sustainable design and will have enough natural light at all levels. It will be designed to meet all governmental or industry guidelines for environment-friendly and sustainable buildings and in accordance with the Port Authority's sustainable building guidelines.
The project will also see the construction of a new 3,000-space parking garage and a roadway network, which will ease congestion at the airport. Further, additional space will be created for the construction of taxiways as the terminal building will be moved close to Grand Central Parkway.
Construction of the new terminal
Construction of the new terminal will take place while the airport continues its operations. Of the total 35 gates of the new terminal, half will be open in 2018, while the other half will open in two phases, one in 2020 and the other in 2021. The new terminal will commence operations in early-2020.
The contract to design, build, operate and maintain the new terminal was awarded to LaGuardia Gateway Partners (LGP), which is a consortium of firms, including Vantage Airport Group; Meridiam, a construction joint venture of Skanska and Walsh Construction; and a design joint venture of HOK and Parsons Brinckerhoff. The contract represents the biggest public-private partnership (PPP) deal in the state.
The project will also provide opportunities for contractors in the borough of Queens and throughout the New York Metropolitan Region.