Lviv International Airport, Ukraine
Lviv International Airport is situated six kilometres west of the historical city Lviv in western Ukraine. Previously known as Sknyliv, the airport provides easy access to European countries.
The Ukrainian airport's development history
Ukraine has 24 international airports within its total civilian airport network of 30. Lviv airport was built between 1923-28, when the city was being developed as an aviation hub. The airport introduced new aircraft for logistics during 1946-59.
The airport building was constructed in 1950, and from 1996, the airport became the major air cargo hub of western Ukraine. Lviv airport's ownership was transferred to the state in 2007 and is operated under the Ukrainian Ministry of Transport.
In 2011, Lviv airport served 296,900 passengers, a 38% decline from 2010. Passenger traffic is expected to exceed 3.7 million by 2020. An average of 480 flights fly from the airport every day.
In 2012, Ukraine and Poland will jointly host the tournament of the UEFA European Football Championship. Lviv is one of four Ukrainian cities to host the championship. In preparation of the tournament, the Government of Ukraine (GOU) will modernise the infrastructure at key airports in the country.
GOU has committed an investment of $226m for the reconstruction of Lviv airport, including runway and taxiway reconstructions, the master plan - which is being prepared by Honeywell Airport Systems - air bridges, navigation and lighting improvements, as well as ground-handling equipment.
Existing facilities and expansion project at Lviv International Airport
The airport's 1,778m² terminal building serves 300 passengers an hour. It includes three passenger sectors and one VIP hall.
The apron has an area of 43,000m², situated 300m away from the building, with 16 parking places that can handle 1,920 passengers each hour.
Airport facilities include luggage storage, telephones, ATM machines and a currency exchange, as well as coffee shops and the nearby Tustan Hotel. However, the airport's existing infrastructure is insufficient to accommodate international flights and the 2,300m runway limits the size of aircraft.
The $200m reconstruction project includes extension of the existing runway by 700m, its surface regulation and reconstruction, including taxiways, construction of 200 car parking places and open parking spaces for 1,000 automobiles, plus a hotel complex to serve 1,200 people. The apron modernisation project includes more aircraft stands, and accommodation will increase to cover 47ha.
Lviv airport's new terminal building will have an area of 34,000m² with a capacity of handling 1,000 passengers an hour. The terminal construction will take around two years for completion and was 90% complete as of January 2012. Modernisation of the existing operating air terminal and passenger terminal is also part of the project, and will increase the terminal's total passenger handling capacity to around 1,220 passengers each hour (5.69 million passengers annually). The new terminal will have 29 check-in desks, of which nine are meant for domestic and remaining for international flights.
Contractors involved with the western Ukraine airport
In December 2008, the Ukrainian Minister of Transport awarded the contract for overall design of Lviv airport's new terminal building to the NACO / Tebodin consortium.
The US-based IMTC-VTI LLC and Poland's ABM Vshud will participate in the tender process for the new terminal construction.
Runway details at Lviv airport
The 2,500m × 45m runway at Lviv has a handling capacity of 30 medium-class aircraft operations every hour, equivalent to 600 passengers an hour. An artificial runway with hybrid chemise provides 24-hour service. It can receive aircraft with maximum allowable take-off weights of 350 tons.
The runway and apron is designed by the Ukrainian State Designing Technological and Scientific Research Institute of Civil Aviation. After the extension, the runway will increase to 3,200m and will allow transatlantic flights.
Construction will be carried out by general contractor Azovintex LLC Enterprise. British company Halcrow Group will provide advisory services for the runway construction. The runway extension was 80% complete by December 2011 and is expected to be completed in 2012.