Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose (Kolkata) International Airport is a civil airport located in West Bengal, India about 17km from the centre of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), named in the honour of the Bengali Indian patriot Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. The airport handled around ten million passengers in 2011-12.
The airport, which is one of the top ten airports in India, handling around 310 flights a day, has three terminal buildings, which include a domestic terminal that was opened in the early 1990s (three aerobridges, 23,000m² with 42 check-in desks), an international terminal (one aerobridge, 30,000m² with 27 check-in desks) and a cargo terminal (10,000m² with special facilities, two parking bays and 1,000t capacity).
The existing international terminal and domestic terminal were integrated into a single passenger terminal with an area of 233,000m². The new integrated L-shaped terminal was inaugurated in January 2013. It has six levels and can handle 20 million passengers a year.
The airport is controlled and operated by the Airports Authority of India (AAI).
Kolkata airport is fast becoming the main hub for north-eastbound flights as it serves 31 destinations within India, close to Delhi (48) and Mumbai (46), and 69% of its flights are domestic (2006 figure).
The airport saw the opening of a new Centre for Perishable Cargo (CPC) in September 2008. It is the first of its kind in West Bengal, India. The 742.5m² facility has a 12,000 million tonne annual storage capacity. It has been constructed with an aid of Rs67.5m ($1.5m) from the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA). The CPC has been carrying out trial operations since June 2008.
In November 2008, an airport modernisation and renovation contract was awarded by Airports Authority of India (AAI) to Italian-Thai Development (ITD) Corporation and Sikka Associates. The project included construction of an integrated passenger terminal building to enhance capacity and passenger facilities at the airport.
The terminal building consists of 128 common user terminal equipment (CUTE) check-in counters, 78 immigration counters, 12 customs counters, 18 aerobridges, 30 elevators, 18 escalators and 15 travelators. It is also equipped with 30 conveyor belts for baggage handling operations. There are two underground parking lots with 3,000 parking spaces, and an outdoor parking lot with 2,000 parking spaces. Additionally the terminal also provides 57 remote parking bays.
The total cost of the project was estimated to be around $433.7m (Rs2,325Cr). The project also included construction of 11 parking bays and installation of ventilation, air-conditioning, illumination, power supply, electric cabling and fire-fighting systems.
In addition to the terminal expansion, the project involved extensions to runways, taxiways and parking bays, which are progressing towards completion as of January 2013. The north side extension of secondary runway by 400m has been completed and the 308.4m (1000ft) southern extension is underway with the construction of a new taxiway.
The airport has two parallel runways: 01R/19L (11,900ft, 3,627m) and 01L/19R (9,240ft, 2,800m). As the longer one of the two, 01R/19L is now used for take-offs and landings, and 01L/19R is used primarily as a taxiway.
The second runway 01L/19R is being equipped with an instrument landing system (ILS) CAT-I facility as of January 2013.
In April 2008, following a design competition, the Airports Authority of India appointed RMJM and Sikka Associates of Delhi to design the new integrated domestic terminal at Kolkata.
The first phase design shows a linear designed terminal building making full use of natural light and cooling systems (sustainable) and also incorporating features such as rainwater recycling for irrigation and the incorporation of existing trees and vegetation into the landscaped areas.
The terminal incorporates the writings of Rabindranath Tagore of Bengal (first Nobel Prize winner for literature in Asia) into the roof decoration (inside) and also into the forecourt landscaping.
The construction of the new terminal building began on 29 December 2008. Other contractors involved include: NACO, Netherlands Airport Consultants, STRATA for landscape design and Benaim as the structural engineer. ADPI, in a joint venture with RMJM and other Indian based contractors, is acting as the consultant for the project.
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