Kempegowda International Airport, the third-biggest airport in India, is constructing a garden terminal called T2 to accommodate the increasing passenger traffic.

The terminal will feature trees, small gardens and ponds with local species of plants. It is expected to serve approximately 25 million passengers a year.

Operated by Bengaluru International Airport Limited (BIAL), it is claimed to be India’s first greenfield airport terminal to be built under a public-private partnership.

Construction of the terminal began in 2019. With the expected completion of phase one works in March 2021.

Kempegowda Airport Terminal 2 design details

The terminal’s design is inspired from Bengaluru’s popularity as a ‘Garden City’. The first phase of the T2 will have a built-up area of 255,000m².

Passageways throughout the terminal will connect the passengers with nature. The ceiling at the entrance, check-in and security area will feature hanging planted bells.

The terminal will also feature a large indoor garden with rammed-earth walls and waterfalls, which will act as a gateway into the densely-landscaped retail area.

The three-storeyed forest belt offers a unique outdoor experience for arriving and departing passengers. It will be well connected to the shopping area. The forest belt will be viewable from all main indoor spaces.

The walls of the terminal will be made of brick, while the floors will feature natural terrazzo and an engineered bamboo ceiling.

An expansive outdoor garden to be built under the project will be arranged around a lagoon to serve as a nursery for the maintenance of plants, with connection to Terminal 1 and the airport hotel through elevated walkways.

The lagoon will take rainwater, which can be reused in greywater processes, including cooling and irrigation. Advanced technology and cutting-edge tools to enhance airport operations, will also be installed in the terminal.

Each component of the terminal will incorporate natural and man-made elements, which will enhance the passenger experience.

Other developments at Kempegowda airport

A south runway measuring 4,000m by 45m will be operational from December 2019, for use in independent mixed-mode operations including take-off and landing.

“Passageways throughout Terminal 2 will connect the passengers with nature. The ceiling at the entrance, check-in and security area will feature hanging planted bells.”

BIAL and InterGlobe Aviation signed a 20-year agreement to sub-lease land for building a maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) facility over 13,000m2. The MRO can accommodate two narrow-body aircraft.

Scheduled to become operational in 2020, the facility will also have support infrastructure, which includes a quick engine change (QEC) shop warehouse and engineering offices.

By early 2021, workers will extend the existing 1.4km-long main access road from four to five lanes and a secondary road to the cargo terminals will be extended to four lanes. Furthermore, there will also be an expansion of Trumpet interchange.

Financing

The airport is investing Rs133.5bn ($1.88bn) for the construction of Terminal 2, an additional runway and other related infrastructure projects.

BIAL secured Rs102.06bn ($1.44bn) funds through a group of banks including State Bank of India and Axis Bank.

Contractors involved

BIAL awarded Rs30.36bn ($413m) contract to L&T’s Buildings & Factories business for T2 construction in October 2018. The contract includes design, procurement, engineering, construction, testing and operations of Terminal 2.

American architectural firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) is responsible for the design of the terminal.