New York, USA
Terminal expansion and refurbishment
Two million square feet, post expansion
Phase I: May 2013, Phase II: January 2015
$1.2bn for Phase I and $175m for Phase II
17.1 million (2014)
Design Build Contractor
Arup and Skidmore, Owings and Merrill joint venture (ArupSOM)
JFK International Air Terminal (JFK IAT)
Terminal 4 at John F Kennedy (JFK) International Airport in New York, US, has been expanded under a two-phased programme. The expansion started in November 2010 and was completed in January 2015.
Terminal 4 is one of the biggest terminals in the New York area, serving 30 international and domestic airlines. It is operated by JFK IAT, a private consortium consisting of Schiphol USA, the US subsidiary of Schiphol Group, LCOR and Lehman Brothers (bankrupt in 2008).
Phase I of the expansion, which was completed in May 2013 at a cost of $1.2bn, increased the size of the terminal to two million square feet. It was financed through special bonds issued by The Port Authority of New York and the state of New Jersey. Phase II of the expansion was completed in January 2015, marking the completion of the two-phased expansion.
Annual passenger traffic at Terminal 4 was more than 17.1 million in 2014. The airport witnessed passenger traffic of 10.7 million in 2012.
History of Terminal 4 at JFK International Airport
JFK’s Terminal 4 was constructed on the site of the international arrivals building (IAB), with an investment of $1.4bn in the 1990s. The IAB site was redeveloped and transformed into the 140,000m² Terminal 4.
The terminal was officially opened in May 2001. It was developed by LCOR and designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill (SOM).
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey formed a public/private partnership known as JFK IAT in 1996. JFK IAT was awarded the contract to build, operate, develop and manage Terminal 4 in 1997.
JFK Terminal 4 expansion and construction details
Terminal 4 at John F Kennedy International Airport covers 165 acres (670ha) of land and is one of the biggest air terminals in North America. It has 27 gates, including 20 new gates and seven renovated gates.
The terminal had become outdated and was not able to handle the increasing passenger traffic since 2001. An expansion plan was, therefore, put in place in order to overcome the congestion.
The T4 expansion was implemented in two phases. The $1.2bn Phase I expansion was announced in 2010. Construction started in November 2010 and was completed in May 2013. It included the replacement of the 50-year old Terminal 3, and the expansion and renovation of T4. It also included the construction of a new 346,000ft² facility for Delta Air Lines.
Phase I added nine international passenger gates and renovated seven existing gates. It also involved renovation of SkyPriority check-in areas of Delta Air Lines, the addition of a new baggage handling system, enhanced security checkpoints, dining and retail facilities, a new Delta Sky Club, dual taxiways, improved customs and border protection, and baggage claim facilities.
Terminal 3 was completely demolished and is being used for aircraft parking.
The $175m Phase II expansion was announced in February 2013. It added 11 more gates and a new 75,0000ft² passenger connector between Terminals 2 and 4.
The 27 gates at Concourse B feature a new boarding counter, seating area and Jet Bridge. The gates can accommodate two-class regional jets. The expansion has created 10,000 jobs since 2010.
Facilities at JFK International Airport Terminal 4
The Phase I expansion provided an extended concourse with a wide section of food outlets such as Shake Shack, Cake Tin and Buffalo Wild Wings. It also added 16 additional lanes to the security area.
SSP has opened several restaurants at the terminal, in partnership with JFKIAT.
Sky Club at JFK Terminal 4
JFK International Airport Terminal 4 includes the 24,000ft² Sky Club for Delta Air Lines passengers. The facility was opened in May 2013 as part of the Phase I expansion.
The Sky Club provides services to transcontinental or international business-class passengers. It features touchscreen systems through which passengers can order food and drinks.
The Sky Club features the 200ft² Sky Deck, a rooftop outdoor lounge and provides close views of runways and airplanes at the terminal.
Terminal 4 expansion contractors
The US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) systems were renovated by Turner Construction. Operational activities at Concourse B are maintained by the joint venture of Turner Construction and Peter Scalamadre & Sons. The joint venture awarded a $6m contract to JBT Corporation in October 2011 for the supply of gate equipment, including boarding bridges, preconditioned air units and ground power units.
ArupSOM, a joint venture of Arup and SOM managed the design and construction work at Terminal 4. Arup provided a range of services including structural, civil, electrical and mechanical engineering, while SOM was the lead planner and architect for the expansion.
The Delta Sky Deck outdoor terrace at Terminal 4 was designed by Thom Filicia and Architectural Digest.
Vanderlande Industries was responsible for the installation of in-line baggage handling system at the terminal. Vanderlande was also awarded a seven-year contract to operate and maintain the entire baggage handling systems at Terminal 4 in March 2013. The contract also includes two optional five-year extensions.
Aecom was awarded a contract in August 2010 to construct administration space for Delta Air Lines at Terminal 4.