The new Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport Terminal 2 in Mumbai, India has been inaugurated by prime minister Manmohan Singh, along with visiting dignitaries and representatives from the private developer, GVK.
The new hub, which has been designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM), spans 4.4 million square feet of space and has the capacity to handle 40 million passengers per year.
It features new apron areas, taxiways, waterfalls, gardens, open spaces, high ceilings and a multi-level parking facility that can accommodate more than 5,200 cars.
GVK Mumbai International Airport (MIAL) managing director GV Sanjay Reddy said: "The new Terminal 2 at CSIA is a monument to the beautiful spirit of Mumbai and its people.
"This terminal will make CSIA a gateway to the city of Mumbai and India with international and domestic passengers. We are happy to work with SOM, who helped us translate our dream and vision into reality."
The four-story terminal offers both domestic and passenger services, optimises terminal operations and cuts down walking distances.
The terminal features a 'headhouse' central processing podium on top of three symmetrical modular concourses.
As these concourses radiate from the central processing core, they can easily shift between serving domestic flights or international flights.
The Terminal 2 uses a high-performance glazing system with a custom frit pattern to achieve optimal thermal performance and mitigate glare, while the skylights placed throughout the check-in hall lower the terminal's energy usage by 23%.
SOM design partner Roger Duffy said: "We designed an airport that is intimately connected to its surroundings.
"By subtly incorporating regional patterns and textures at all scales, Terminal 2 resonates with a sense of place and serves as a spectacular symbol for India and Mumbai."
Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport currently carries out domestic operations at the Santa Cruz terminal to the south, while international operations happen at Sahar to the north.
Once the new terminal is fully operational next year, it will cater to domestic operations, and the existing Santa Cruz terminal will be demolished.
Mumbai International Airport Ltd (MIAL) consortium of GVK Industries, Airports Company South Africa and Bidvest, took up the project after it was appointed in February 2006 to carry out the modernisation.
Image: Exterior rendering of head house from approach roadway. Image: courtesy of SOM / (c) Crystal CG. (PRNewsFoto/Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP)