Cam Ranh Airport's New International Terminal, Vietnam
Construction of a new international passenger terminal at Can Ranh Airport, one of the four major airports of Vietnam, was initiated in September 2016.
The new terminal will increase the airport's passenger handling capacity to eight million passengers a year from the current 1.5 million, thus easing the congestion created by the growing passenger traffic.
The first phase of the terminal building is scheduled to open in 2018. The new terminal will handle international operations, while the existing building will deal with domestic flights.
Development of new international terminal at the Vietnamese Airport
In 2016, Cam Ranh airport handled approximately 3.3 million passengers, including 1.5 million international and 1.8 million domestic travellers, which is more than double its capacity.
New international routes also caused capacity overload at the terminal, as the existing infrastructure was no longer able to accommodate wide-bodied aircraft and the increasing passengers.
Despite the Airports Corporation of Vietnam's (ACV) efforts to upgrade the terminal's capacity in 2014, the passenger number again surpassed the maximum capacity in 2015. Construction of a new terminal building was, therefore, envisaged to be the ideal solution to achieve optimum efficiency at the airport.
Construction of the new international terminal at Cam Ranh
The new terminal will be constructed in two phases. Phase one will be executed in two segments, namely 1A and 1B, and will expand the airport's annual capacity to four million passengers.
Phase 1A will provide the terminal with an initial capacity of 2.5 million passengers a year, while 1B will increase the total capacity to four million.
Phase one is scheduled for completion in 18 months, with the opening of the new terminal scheduled for the first quarter of 2018.
Phase two will increase the capacity by another four million, bringing the total passenger throughput capacity of the terminal to eight million a year. The second phase is scheduled for completion by 2030.
Features and facilities at the new terminal
The new terminal will be a two-storey building with a total floor area of approximately 52,000m². One level will be dedicated for arrivals and the other for departures.
The terminal will feature a total of 80 check-in counters arranged in four rows, each having 20 counters, ten aircraft bridges, six baggage carousels and four air bridges.
Other facilities in an around the terminal will include car parking, ramp systems for automobiles, terminal approach roads, passenger pick-up arrangements, and mobile lifts.
Design of the new passenger terminal at Cam Ranh airport
The design and architecture of the new terminal takes inspiration from Salanganes' nest, a bird's nest popularly seen in Khanh Hoa Province.
Built using locally sourced materials, the roof of the terminal will mimic the nest by featuring a repeated sequence of peaks and troughs, and will be curved in convex shape.
The consulting and design team for the project includes CPG Consultants, a Singaporean architecture firm, and Pacific Architects & Engineers (PAE), while the construction contract was awarded to Airport Design and Construction Consultancy (ADCC).
All three companies formed a joint venture to execute the project.
The estimated total investment for the new terminal construction is VND3.735tr ($162.79m).
Commercial Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam (Vietcombank) and Bank for Industry and Trade of Vietnam (Vietinbank) will fund roughly 80% of the project cost, which is equivalent to VND2.98tr ($131.12m), on a 50-50 basis. A credit agreement was signed with Vietcombank and Vietinbank in February 2017.
The remaining 20% of the project cost will be funded by Cam Ranh International Terminal Joint Stock Company, which is responsible for the overall execution of the project.