Test operations have begun at Pulkovo Airport, an international airport serving Saint Petersburg, Russia.
All the flights from the existing two terminals will be shifted to the new €700m terminal by the end of January 2014.
The Pulkovo Terminal 1 has a total area of more than 110,000m², according to airport operator Northern Capital Gateway.
It was established as part of the €1.2bn airport development project.
Northern Capital Gateway CEO Sergey Emdin said: "The opening of the new state of the art terminal will provide for high quality services and tight airport security.
"We are now close to the incarnation of plans for Pulkovo airport to become a major hub in the Baltic region.
"This will not only provide for an expansion of the territory of flights and stimulate the future growth of Saint Petersburg’s tourism market, but will also increase the economic potential of the entire North West region."
The first phase of the development project was completed over a period of two and half years. It involved the renovation of aprons and increasing their total area from 250,000m² to 450,000m².
It also involved the construction of light flight support building, a ground handling base, operational services buildings, two emergency and rescue stations, an energy centre and other aerodrome infrastructure facilities.
Following the completion of the project in 2016, the new terminal will have a capacity to handle 17 million passengers annually, up from the current 8.4 million.
It will feature 88 check-in counters, 110 passport control booths, 7 baggage belts, jet ways, 45 elevators, and 17 escalators, and the facilities will be fully accessible for the people with disabilities.
The terminal will have restaurants, cafes, bars, duty free, and several shops, spanning over a space of 15,400m².
The airport will also feature a four-star Park Inn Hotel by Radisson, a business centre, a multi-level parking with 560 spaces, and a parking lot with more than 2300 spaces.
The expansion of the Pulkovo Airport was launched in 2009, when the City of St. Petersburg awarded a 30-year concession to operate Pulkovo to Northern Capital Gateway consortium under a PPP agreement.
The consortium includes Russian VTB Group, German Fraport AG (the owner and operator of Frankfurt Airport), and Greek Capelouzos Group.
Image: The Pulkovo Terminal 1 will enable the airport to handle 17 million passengers annually. Photo: courtesy of Pulkovo Airport