Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China, has opened its new Terminal 3, which has been established with an investment of about CNY8.5bn ($1.39bn).
The 5,381,955ft² terminal is expected to increase the airport's capacity by 58%, from the current 30 million passengers to 45 million passengers by 2020.
It is three times larger than the existing terminals, which have ceased operations following test runs of the new facility.
The terminal is the first to be designed by architects Massimiliano and Doriana Fuksas and is set will become a distinctive landmark, boosting the economic development of Shenzhen.
It is the largest single public building to be built to date in Shenzhen, and features 63 contact gates, with a further 15 remote gates and significant retail space.
The terminal has been designed to meet high sustainability standards, and makes best use of natural ventilation and light.
Photovoltaics will meet the electricity demand of T3, making about 950 million electricity units each year, while future photovoltaic generation is expected to reach a capacity of 10MW that will be used to support the electronic devices of the entire airport.
The design and the construction of the terminal were completed within a short time frame of three years, and currently, ShenzhenAirport Co is seeking to copyright the design.
With a design based on a manta ray, it has a striking internal and external double 'skin' honeycomb motif that wraps the structure.
It is 1.5km long and has roof spans of up to 80m, while honeycomb shaped metal and glass panels fill the façade of the terminal allowing natural light to filter through.
On the interior, the terminal boasts of distinctive white conical supporting columns that rise to touch the roof at a cathedral-like scale.
The concourse at the intersection of the building, a key point of the design, consists of three levels: departure, arrivals and services, which vertically connect to create full height voids, allowing natural light to filter from the highest level down to the lowest.
Studio Fuksas has created the interior while focusing on processing times, walking distances, ease of orientation, crowding, and availability of desired amenities.
In addition, key features of the interior design include stylised white 'trees' that serve as air-conditioning vents, and check-in 'islands', gates and passport-check areas with a stainless steel finish that reflect the honeycomb patterns.
Studio Fuksas is also involved in two further phases of the airport extension, scheduled to complete in 2025 and 2035 respectively.