Representatives from 77 countries signed two new counter-terrorism treaties to improve aviation security during a diplomatic conference in Beijing, China, on 10 September.
The treaties signed are titled the 2010 Beijing Convention on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Relating to International Civil Aviation and the 2010 Beijing Protocol to the 1971 Hague Convention on the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft.
The treaties will require countries to criminalise a number of new and emerging threats to the safety of civil aviation, including using aircraft as a weapon.
The conventions will also update provisions to promote cooperation between governments in combating terrorism directed against civil aviation.
The Beijing Convention will also require states to criminalise the transport of biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons and related material.
The treaty will help to stop the transportation of extraordinarily dangerous materials through civil aircraft for illicit purposes.