Maynard H. Jackson Jr. International Terminal, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, in the US state of Georgia, is set to open a new international terminal in May 2012. Named in the honour of former mayor Maynard H. Jackson Jr., the new terminal is located to the east of the existing airport.
The terminal is part of a capital development programme initiated at the airport in 2000. It aims to meet the projected operational demands of the 21st century and enhance the airport capacity.
The 1.2 million square feet terminal space, close to International Concourse E, was earlier occupied by the midfield control tower and cargo facilities. The total estimated cost of building the new terminal is $1.4bn.
Atlanta airport is the busiest in the world in terms of passenger traffic and international flight movements. It handles about nine million international passengers and 68,000 flight take-offs and landings annually. The Federal Aviation Administration estimates that passenger traffic levels will cross 13 million by 2015.
Terminal construction as part of the capital development programme
Construction of the terminal building was started in summer 2008. It was completed in April 2012. The project generated about 3,000 jobs. The new terminal complex will also create 1,000 new jobs in the management, operation and maintenance areas.
Features of the new Maynard H. Jackson Jr. International Terminal
Passengers will be able to access the Maynard H. Jackson Jr. International Terminal through Exit 239 of I-75. The new terminal and its concourse F are linked to concourse E.
The new concourse has 12 gates, bringing the total number of international travel gates at the airport to 40. Concourse E has 28 international gates. The terminal is also connected to the remaining five international concourses - A, B, C, D and T.
The Maynard H. Jackson Jr. International Terminal will serve passengers from across the globe to connect to 150 cities within the US. In turn, it will connect US passengers to about 50 countries. The terminal has separate levels for arrivals and departures.
The terminal features a new customs and border protection (CBP) inspection station, two new parking facilities with about 3,500 spaces, plus eight security checkpoint lanes for international departing passengers and five security recheck lanes for domestic connecting passengers. It has an advanced baggage system, which eliminates the need for Atlanta-bound international passengers to recheck their baggage.
As many as 80 ticketing counters and 64 self-service check-in kiosks are available in the ticketing hall. The terminal will also have business services, retail outlets and restaurants, and will promote economical development.
The project also involved construction of elevated roadways, new gates, an automated people mover (APM) station, an APM train and utility connecting bridge to concourse E. Concourse E will also be refurbished to include a fuel pit, more baggage handling areas and jet bridge modifications.
Automated people movers (APMs), The Plane Train and SkyTrain
The terminal's concourse F will be served by The Plane Train, Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport's underground APM. The extension of the APM line from concourse E required using another ten vehicles.
Bombardier Transportation Holdings was the designer, constructor and supplier of the APM system. Passengers can reach the rental car centre from the terminal using a dedicated shuttle bus. An external elevated APM, over Interstate 85, called ATL SkyTrain, connects the terminal with the rental car facility and Georgia International Convention Center. The SkyTrain uses six two-car Mitsubishi Crystal Mover vehicles.
Comfortable design and sustainability focus at the busy US airport
The terminal complex is designed to have open, light and airy spaces focusing on passenger comfort and convenience. The atrium of the concourse features artworks, such as crystal chandelier and music instruments.
The project used local materials and colours to promote sustainability. About 75% of the construction wastes were reused and sustainable wood and materials were used to reduce the overall carbon emissions. A 25,000 cubic feet rainwater collection system filters the water before releasing it into the environment.
The terminal will use recycled, organic and compostable packages as part of the airport's recycling programme. Energy efficient lighting, an insulated glass façade and equipment reduce the consumption of energy and natural gas. Efficient HVAC and water efficient fixtures are expected to save 40,000 gallons of water a year.
Gates are equipped with 400Hz power supplies and use preconditioned air to reduce jet fuel consumption by the aircraft. Plug-in electrical chargers across the concourse gates also decrease greenhouse gas emissions.
Low voc paints, sealants, adhesives, eco-friendly cleaners, carpets, increased ventilation and monitoring enhance the air quality inside the international terminal. Passengers can get the sustainability initiatives at the airport by scanning quick read (QR) codes on their smartphones.
The new international terminal is expected to achieve LEED silver certification from the US Green Building Council.
Financing behind Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport's project
About $1bn of the total $1.4bn investment was funded through municipal bonds, while the remaining is funded by the airlines. The Federal Aviation Administration provided $13.9m for the apron construction. Transportation Security Administration funded $20m towards an inline baggage screening system.
Architects and contractors involved with the new terminal building
Concourse F, the terminal building and parking facilities were designed by Atlanta Gateway Designers (AGD). It is a joint venture between the Duckett Design Group and Gresham, Smith & Partners. The project design required an extension of the underground APM tunnel.
Ascend designed the elevated roadway system, a commercial vehicle hold lot and the international Park-Ride parking facility. It is a consortium formed by Atkins, Delon Hampton & Associates, Prime Engineering and Street Smarts.
The ground level roadways system, fuel systems and apron pavement and lighting were designed by AIS, a joint venture of Long Engineering, LPA Group and Pond & Company.
Holder-Manhattan-C.D. Moody-Hunt joint venture was responsible for the management of the entire terminal complex construction.